Can an Association Limit Your Right to Bear Arms?

Can an association restrict an individual’s right to bear arms? The answer, though nuanced, is likely in the affirmative. An association’s board has wide authority under the governing documents to restrict everything from paint color to holiday decorations, as long as the action is reasonable. See, e.g., Allnutt v High Court of Foresters, 62 Mich 110, 28 NW 802 (1886); […]

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HOA violates the Fair Housing Act by denying a service animal in the clubhouse

In Sanzaro v Ardiente Homeowners Association, et. al., Docket No. 2:11-CV0-1143-RFB-CWH, 2019 WL 1049380 (D Nev, March 5, 2019), a federal court imposed a judgment of $350,000 in compensatory damages, $285,000 in punitive damages and awarded the plaintiffs attorney’s fees and costs against their homeowners association.  Based upon the facts of the case, the court determined that the homeowners association […]

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Michigan Court of Appeals rules that modular home violates restrictive covenants

UPDATE:  This opinion was subsequently reversed by the Michigan Supreme Court on July 24, 2019 in a 5-2 decision.  A copy of the Supreme Court’s opinion can be found here. In Thiel v Goyings, unpublished opinion of the Court of Appeals, issued August 8, 2017 (Docket No. 333000), the Michigan Court of Appeals held that the construction of a partially […]

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MCL 450.835a: Electronic Signatures can now be used to amend Restrictive Covenants

MCL 450.835a was enacted into law on March 21, 2017, and provides as follows: 450.835a Amending, reaffirming, or repealing restrictive covenant by electronic signature. Sec. 5a. If restrictive covenants apply to more than 250 lots or parcels of real property in a single development and the law of this state allows the owners of the real property to amend, reaffirm, […]

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Michigan Court of Appeals rules that amendments to HOA Restrictions require unanimous consent.

The Michigan Court of appeals recently made the following significant rulings that impact Michigan Homeowners’ Associations in Conlin v Upton, Michigan Court of Appeals Docket No. 322458 (November 24, 2015) (Published Opinion): The absence of an amendment provision in the original declaration of restrictions for a subdivision precluded a HOA from later amending its declaration with less than unanimous consent […]

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