Call Us: (248) 986-2290


MCL 450.835a: Electronic Signatures Can Now be Used to Amend Restrictive Covenants

MCL 450.835a was enacted into law on March 21, 2017, and provides as follows:

450.835a Amending, reaffirming, or repealing restrictive covenant by electronic signature.
Sec. 5a.
If restrictive covenants apply to more than 250 lots or parcels of real property in a single development and the law of this state allows the owners of the real property to amend, reaffirm, or repeal the restrictive covenants, the owner of a lot or parcel that is subject to the restrictive covenants may consent to amend, reaffirm, or repeal the restrictive covenants, in whole or in part, by an electronic signature.

The legislative history of MCL 450.835a demonstrates that Michigan House Bill 5591 (2016) was originally introduced to deal with an extremely large Michigan Homeowners Association that was having difficulty amending its documents.  The Lakes of North Association in Northern Michigan had approximately 4,700 members and was composed of 8,028 lots.  The restrictive covenants required 2/3 of the owners to physically sign an amendment to a restrictive covenant in order for it to be effective.  Given the practical problems in gathering physical signatures of owners of more than 5,351 lots, the legislature agreed to allow electronic signatures to be attached to an amendment as part of the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act, MCL 450.831, et seq. After input was provided by the Michigan Chapter of the Community Association Institute, the lot number requirement was reduced to 250 lots so that MCL 450.835a could be used to amend restrictive covenants in other large Michigan Homeowners Associations.  Accordingly, Homeowners Associations that were previously intimated by having to gather a large number of signatures to effectuate an amendment to a declaration or restrictive covenant can now simplify the process pursuant to MCL 450.835a.  It is important to note that this provision does not apply to condominium associations, as MCL 559.190 and MCL 559.190a still govern amendments to Michigan condominium documents.

Kevin Hirzel is a Michigan Community Association attorney that concentrates his practice on commercial litigation, community association law, condominium law, construction law and real estate law. Mr. Hirzel has been a Super Lawyer’s Rising Star in Real Estate Law from 2013-2017, an award given to only 2.5% of the attorneys in Michigan each year. He was named an Up & Coming Lawyer by Michigan Lawyer’s Weekly in 2015, an award given to only 30 attorneys in Michigan each year. Mr. Hirzel represents community associations, condominium associations, cooperatives,  homeowners associations, property owners and property managers throughout Michigan. He may be reached at (248) 986-2290 or

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Share Post
Written by

Kevin Hirzel is the Managing Member of Hirzel Law, PLC. Hirzel Law has offices in Farmington, Grand Rapids, and Traverse City, Michigan with a fourth office location in Chicago, Illinois. Mr. Hirzel focuses his practice on condominium law, homeowners association law, and real estate law. He is a fellow in the College of Community Association Lawyers (“CCAL”), a prestigious designation given to less than 175 attorneys in the country. Mr. Hirzel formerly served on the CCAL National Board of Governors and is a former member of the Community Associations Institute’s (“CAI”) Board of Trustees, an international organization with over 40,000 members worldwide that is dedicated to improving community associations. Mr. Hirzel has been recognized as a Leading Lawyer in Michigan by Leading Lawyers, a distinction earned by fewer than 5% of all lawyers licensed in Michigan. He has been named a Michigan “Rising Star” in real estate law by Super Lawyers Magazine, a designation is given to no more than 2.5% of the attorneys in Michigan each year. Mr. Hirzel was also named as a “Go-To-Lawyer” in condominium and real estate law by Michigan Lawyer’s Weekly. Hirzel Law was also voted the best law firm in Metro Detroit in the Detroit Free Press Best of the Best awards. He is the Co-Chairman of the State Bar of Michigan’s Real Property Law Section Committee for Condominiums, PUDs & Cooperatives. Mr. Hirzel has authored numerous articles on community association law for publications such as the Michigan Community Association News, Michigan Real Property Review, Macomb County Bar Briefs and the Washington Post. He is also the author of the first and second editions of “Hirzel’s Handbook: How to operate a Michigan Condo or HOA”, which is available for purchase on Mr. Hirzel has been interviewed on community association legal issues by various media outlets throughout the country, such as CBS, CNBC, Common Ground Magazine, Community Association Management Insider, the Dan Abrams Show on SiriusXM Radio, the Detroit News, Dr. Drew Midday Live on KABC Radio, Fox Business News, Fox News,, the Law & Crime Network, Michigan Lawyer’s Weekly, NPR, WWJ News Radio and WXYZ. Mr. Hirzel is a dynamic speaker and frequently lectures on community association law throughout Michigan, as well as nationally at the CAI National Law Seminar, and is a two-time winner of the best manuscript award at the CAI National Law Seminar.

No comments

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.

%d bloggers like this:


Ask us anything, or share you feedback